The Noble Families of Dymsza and Maiorescu

The Noble Families of Dymsza and Maiorescu

Dimšų giminės herbas

Until the World War 2, the Ilzenberg Manor was owned by Dymsza – in 1896, Eugeniusz Dymsza (1853-1918), born in Zdoniškės, purchased the manor in 1896. Eugeniusz Dymsza studied in gymnasium of Mintauja and later graduated from the Road and Communication Higher School in St. Petersburg.

Father-in-law of Eugeniusz Dymsza Titu Liviu Maiorescu

During his visit to his cousin Liudvika Dymsza of Svirtunai in the Kauffing mansion in Germany, Eugeniusz Dymsza met ten years younger Romanian Liwia Maiorescu (28-03-1863 – 28-08-1946). About 1892, they got married.
Liwia’s father Titu Liviu Maiorescu (1840-1917) was a famous Romanian literary critic and politician, and a founder of the most influential in the 19th century Romanian intellectual and political organization “Junimea“. He held high positions in the government of Romania: in 1874, was appointed as the Minister of Education, in 1910-914 – the Minister of Foreign Affairs, in 1912-1914 – the Prime Minister. One of universities of Bucharest was named after him.

After her husband's, Eugeniusz Dymsza, death, the Manor was inherited by his wife and two daughters. In 1919, Liwia Dymsza with her daughters visited her cousin’s husband where buried the urn with Eugeniusz Dymsza’ ashes in the family tomb in Busse. After that, the Dymsza family left for Warsaw.

In March 1920, the Dymsza family returned to the devastated Ilzenberg Manor, where, after handing all the formalities relating to agricultural reform in Lithuania, Liwia mother and Liwia daughter spent 20 years of their lives in the manor. So, up to 1940. the Ilzenberg Manor belonged to daughters Liwia and Janina Teresa. After the land reform in 1935, the Dymsza’ family owned about 293.9 ha of farming land and 104 ha of water area.

The Dymsza familyEugeniusz and Liwia Dymsza had three daughters (Fig. 57, 58, 59): Janina Klara (17-11-1894, Novorossiysk – 25-10-1991, Warsaw), Liwia Emilia (09-03-1899, Petersburg – 16-02-1970, Wroclaw, single) and Eugenia (1902, Petersburg, died in childhood in 1905 and buried on a hill on the way to Onuškis beside Ilzenberg).

In the course of the World War 2, in 1940, the Soviet Union, under the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact (23-08-1939) annexed Lithuania and started the Sovietisation of the region. Landlords' lands were seized, while they were subject to deportation. Therefore, in autumn of the same year, seeking to avoid arrest and deportation, Liwia Dymsza with her daughters and granddaughters, moved to Vilnius.

Life of the Dymsza family in the Ilzenberg Manor:

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